Relationship between anger regulation and self-image in elderly people

Katedra Psychologii Klinicznej, Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski Jana Pawła II. Kierownik Katedry: prof. dr hab. Stanisława Steuden
Correspondence to: Dr Bernarda Bereza, Katedra Psychologii Klinicznej, Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski Jana Pawła II, Al. Racławickie 14, 20-950 Lublin, tel.: 81 445 34 53, e-mail: bernarda.bereza@kul.pl
Source of financing: Department own sources

PSYCHIATR. PSYCHOL. KLIN. 2013, 13 (4), p. 232–238
STRESZCZENIE

Aim: The picture of elderly people, narrowly understood, tends to be quite explicitly associated, namely as either embittered, grumpy, tyrannizing their family and friends, emotionally unstable or active, gentle and kind. Meanwhile, like in the case of people from younger age groups, the typology of elderly people is slightly more varied, including their way of regulating experienced emotions. The aim of the article was the search for the specificity of anger regulation and the connection between the techniques of anger regulation and self-image in elderly people. Based on Bentovim’s theory, emotion regulation was understood as modulating, modifying, focusing and controlling intense excitement and experienced tension. Material and methods: The sample group consisted of 31 men (study group) and 39 women (control group) above 64 years of age. The study procedure had a questionnaire form and involved completing psychological tests by subjects, including Self-Expression and Control Scale – SECS (T. van Elderen et al.) and the Adjective Check List – ACL (H.G. Gough, A.B. Heilbrun). Results: The groups differed significantly in terms of anger regulation and self-image. There are links between different ways of anger regulation and the real self-image. Conclusions: The way of anger regulation is significant for the self-image experienced by elderly people, while a constructive expression of anger and the effective control of this process give a chance for the optimization of the quality of life of elderly people.

Słowa kluczowe: anger regulation, emotions, coping, self-image, old age