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Advantages and pitfalls of the Swedish National Program for Suicide Prevention 2008

Anna Baran1*, Paweł Kropiwnicki2

Affiliacja i adres do korespondencji
Psychiatr Psychol Klin 2015, 15 (4), p. 175–181
DOI: 10.15557/PiPK.2015.0026

Introduction: The World Health Organization report (2014) recommends the introduction of national programs for suicide prevention. However, the research on their effectiveness is scarce. As a result, policy makers do not have sufficient data for their decisions on the appropriate level of investment in suicide prevention. It is of great importance to know whether the introduction of a national prevention program results in a reduction in suicide rates, and if so, in what age groups and over what period of time after the announcement of the program. Sweden introduced the first suicide prevention program in 1995. It was then modified in 2008, and most recently in 2015. Objectives: The aim of this study was to answer the question about the impact of the suicide prevention program in Sweden (2008) on the total suicide rate as well as the age- and gender-specific suicide rates in the subsequent years. Material and methods: The study provides the overview of the suicide prevention program and suicide rates in Sweden in males and females, in the age groups 0–24, 25–44, 45–64 and over 65, 1, 3 and 6 years before and after the introduction of the national program for suicide prevention. The study presents the statistical analysis of changes in average suicide rates following the announcement of the Swedish National Program for Suicide Prevention 2008 with reference to chosen periods. Conclusions: The Swedish National Program for Suicide Prevention did not result in the reduction of suicide rates in the year after its introduction, whereas suicide rates decreased in all groups, except for the youth (under 24 years old), in 2009–2011 and 2009–2014.

Słowa kluczowe
suicide prevention, national program, Sweden, suicide rate, effectiveness, program evaluation