Early maladaptive schemas and level of depression in alcohol addicts
Department of Health Psychology, Institute of Psychology, University of Lodz, Łódź, Poland
Correspondence: Dr hab. prof. UŁ Jan Chodkiewicz, Instytut Psychologii UŁ, ul. Smugowa 10/12, 91-433 Łódź, Poland, tel.: +48 605 346 935, e-mail: janchodkiewicz@poczta.onet.pl
Psychiatr Psychol Klin 2017, 17 (3), p. 165–171
DOI: 10.15557/PiPK.2017.0018
STRESZCZENIE

Purpose: The purpose of the study was to determine whether a link exists between early maladaptive schemas identified by Young et al. and depression in alcoholics. The relationships of schemas with selected alcohol dependence variables and suicidal thoughts in alcoholics were also checked. Material and methods: Seventy-seven alcohol addicts participated in the study – 19 women and 58 men. Young Schema Questionnaire (YSQ-S3), Beck’s Depression Inventory (BDI) and Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (MAST) were used. Results: Based on the results obtained, 16 out of 18 schemas are positively and statistically correlated with depression among alcoholics. The strongest relationships were noted for emotional deprivation, social isolation/alienation and subjugation. Correlations between the schemas and the severity of addiction and the age of drinking initiation were also found. Differences in the intensity of some schemas occurred between people experiencing suicidal thoughts and people without these thoughts. Conclusions: There is a need to consider inclusion therapy focused on changing maladaptive schemas in alcoholics. This is especially true of the schemas of social isolation, emotional deprivation and subjugation. There is also a need for further research in this area.

Słowa kluczowe: alcohol addiction, depression, early maladaptive schemas